[18F]fluorodopa (3, 4-dihydroxy-6-[18F]fluoro-L-phenylalanine/ FDOPA) is an amino acid PET tracer originally developed for brain imaging in patients with movement disorders but has been found to be useful in brain tumour imaging. [18F]fluorodopa has been demonstrated to be predominantly transported by the L-type amino acid transporter without significant uptake into surrounding normal brain parenchyma with the exception of the basal ganglia. Assessing the feasibility of performing PET guided histopathology in a single and multi-site setting will be crucial in order to use PET as a planning tool for brain biopsy to detect high-grade transformation in low-grade gliomas.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
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|Eligible Ages||18 Years and Over|
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|University College, London|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||University College, London|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Glioma is a cancer of unmet need, where survival trends have not significantly changed for decades. The distinction between high-grade (HGG) and low-grade glioma (LGG) is important as both entities confer different prognoses and management strategies. This distinction is normally made on biopsy sampling and conventional imaging. However, sampling errors are not uncommon due to the heterogeneous nature of glioma. Case series have described under-grading of gliomas on biopsy in 28% to 63% of cases. Furthermore, up to one third of high-grade gliomas may not display the typical imaging characteristics (enhancement) of a high-grade glioma. Therefore, more accurate imaging may help to make this distinction and guide biopsy and clinical management decisions at the outset. There has been growing interest in the use of amino acid PET in glioma imaging. Transport of amino acids across the blood brain barrier and low physiological levels of tracer uptake within the brain allow for good tumour visualisation. The most frequently used amino acid PET tracers described in clinical literature are [11C]methionine, [18F]fluoroethyltyrosine and [18F]fluorodopa, which predominantly reflect leucine transport, being mainly transported by LAT1, a high affinity leucine transporter. Alongside depiction of tumour volume, described roles of amino acid PET include differentiation of true disease progression from pseudo progression, detection of residual disease in the post-surgical patient, biopsy guidance and prognostication. Rationale The primary objective of the study will be to establish the feasibility of performing [18F]fluorodopa PET guided histopathology in a single and multi-site setting. Basic tumour characterisation (for example Ki67 expression and detection of IDH mutations) will be undertaken.
Other: Intervention arm
PET/CT with fluorodopa tracer
Diagnostic Test: - Fluorodopa PET tracer
PET/CT scan using fluorodopa tracer
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Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX3 9DU
Joy Roach, Dr