Adjuvant Treatment Determined By Pathological Response To Neoadjvuant Nivolumab

Study Purpose

Subjects with resectable melanoma will receive neoadjuvant nivolumab followed by surgical resection. Post-operatively, subjects will receive open-label treatment with up to 1 year of adjuvant nivolumab or ipilimumab plus nivolumab as determined by pathologic response at the time of resection.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - The subject must have clinical stage III resectable melanoma per investigator.
Subjects may not have a diagnosis of uveal or mucosal melanoma.
  • - Either the subject or the subject's legally authorized representative must be willing and able to provide written informed consent before the performance of any protocol-related procedures.
  • - The subject must be ≥18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
  • - The subject must have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.
  • - The subject must demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in Table 1; all screening labs must be performed within 28 days of treatment initiation.
  • - Hematologic System: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/mcL; Platelets ≥100,000/mcL; Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/L.
  • - Renal System: Serum creatinine OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR ≥50 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels >1.5 X institutional ULN.
  • - Hepatic System: Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels >1.5 ULN; AST (SGOT) and ALT (SPGT) ≤2.5 X ULN OR ≤5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases.
  • - A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (see Appendix 3), not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: A.
) Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) as defined in Appendix 3 OR B.) A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix 3 during the treatment period and is willing to use a highly effective method of contraception or abstain from heterosexual intercourse for at least 2 weeks prior to the time of first dose of study medication through 5 months after the last dose of study medication.
  • - Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication.
  • - Male subjects must agree to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix 3 starting with the first dose of study medication, while on study, through 7 months after the last dose of study medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Subject has unresectable disease; i.e. in the opinion of the surgical oncologist, all of the subject's melanoma cannot be completely removed with a clear margin.
  • - Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137), interferon, high dose IL-2 or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways.
  • - Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug.
Note: Participants must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤Grade 1 or baseline. Participants with ≤Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion.
  • - If participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment.
  • - Subject has received transfusion of blood products (including platelets or red blood cells) or administration of colony stimulating factors (including G-CSF, GM-CSF or recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks to the first dose of study drug.
  • - Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
  • - Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • - Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • - Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
  • - Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 3 months (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).
Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • - Has evidence of active interstitial lung disease or a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  • - Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • - Patients known to be positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) if they have a CD4 count of less than 350 mm3 and a serum HIV viral load > 25,000 IU/mL.
  • - Has active Hepatitis B infection or active Hepatitis C virus infection as determined by medical record review.
  • - Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • - Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • - Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 5 months, if female, or 7 months, if male, after the last dose of investigational drug.
  • - Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated.
  • - Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious disease) illness.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Melanoma Stage III, Melanoma
Additional Details

Subjects with Stage III resectable melanoma will receive one dose of nivolumab 480 mg IV, then undergo standard definitive surgery approximately 4 weeks after the initial dose of nivolumab. Post-operatively, subjects will receive open-label treatment with up to 1 year of adjuvant nivolumab 480 mg IV every 4 weeks or ipilimumab plus nivolumab, as determined by pathologic response at the time of resection. Subjects with pathologic complete response or near pathologic complete response (PathCR/nearCR) (Arm A) receive adjuvant nivolumab for up to one year. Subjects with

Arms & Interventions


Active Comparator: Arm A: Adjuvant Nivolumab (Complete Pathological Response)

480 mg IV for up to one year

Active Comparator: Arm B: Adjuvant Nivolumab (Less than Complete Response)

480 mg IV for up to one year

Experimental: Arm C: Adjuvant Combination (Less than Complete Response)

ipilimumab (1mg/kg) plus nivolumab (3mg/kg) for 4 doses and then nivolumab (480 mg) alone for a total of one year


Drug: - nivolumab

All arms will receive a pre-surgery dose of nivolumab (480 mg IV). Post-surgery nivolumab doses will be determined by pathologic response and randomization.

Drug: - Ipilimumab

Only subjects who fail to achieve a complete, or near complete, pathological response, and are then randomized to Arm C will receive Ipilimumab (1 mg/kg) )

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, North Carolina




Duke Cancer Institute

Durham, North Carolina, 27710

Site Contact

Carol Ann Wiggs, BSN


Philadelphia, Pennsylvania




Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104

Site Contact

Tara Mitchell, MD


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