Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

Study Purpose

This pilot early phase I trial studies the side effects of vaccine therapy in treating patients with glioblastoma that has come back. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins from another person's glioblastoma tumors may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Giving vaccine therapy may work better in treating patients with glioblastoma.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - First or second recurrence of previously histologically confirmed glioblastoma (grade 4 astrocytoma) - NOTE: gliosarcomas and other grade 4 astrocytoma variants (e.g., giant cell) may be included, primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) variants are excluded; grade 4 oligodendrogliomas or oligoastrocytomas are specifically excluded - Prior craniotomy and gross total or sub-total resection of tumor at this recurrence NOTE: biopsy of this recurrence alone without attempt at resection does not meet this inclusion criteria (i.e. craniotomy and resection is still required).
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2 - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL - Monocytes >= 300/uL - Platelets (PLT) >= 100,000/uL - Hemoglobin (HgB) >= 9.0 g/dL - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) - Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 3 x ULN - Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN - Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only - Ability to understand and willingness to sign written informed consent - Willing to return to Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota for follow-up - Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for mandatory correlative research purposes - Fixed or decreasing dose of corticosteroids (or no corticosteroids) >= 7 days prior to registration

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior treatment - Current or prior treatment for this cancer with immunotherapy and/or any other investigational agents - Surgery =< 2 weeks prior to registration - Radiotherapy =< 12 weeks prior to registration - Treatment with bevacizumab or any cytotoxic chemotherapy =< 8 weeks prior to registration - Any of the following - Pregnant persons - Nursing persons - Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception - Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens - Immunocompromised patients (other than that related to the use of corticosteroids) including patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV), hepatitis B (HepB), or hepatitis C (HepC) positive - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - History of other malignancy other than glioma - EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer, carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix, or systemic cancer that has been in documented remission for > 10 years - NOTE: if there is a history or prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer - History of myocardial infarction =< 180 days (6 months), or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias - Active infection =< 5 days prior to registration or fever >/= 38 degrees Celsius (C) within 5 days prior to registration - History of tuberculosis or positive purified protein derivative (PPD) test - Inability or unwillingness to have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans performed (e.g. cardiac pacemaker-dependent)

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Early Phase 1
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Mayo Clinic
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Ian Parney
Principal Investigator Affiliation Mayo Clinic
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Giant Cell Glioblastoma, Recurrent Glioblastoma, Recurrent Gliosarcoma
Additional Details


  • I. To determine the safety and feasibility of malignant glioma tumor lysate-pulsed autologous dendritic cell vaccine (autologous dendritic cell [DC] / allogeneic glioblastoma multiforme [GBM] culture lysate vaccination) in glioblastoma patients at first or second recurrence.
  • I. To document survival and progression-free survival in glioblastoma patients at first or second recurrence receiving autologous DC / allogeneic GBM culture lysate vaccination and compared to historical data.
  • I. Determine the ability of autologous DC / GBM culture lysate vaccination to generate multiple tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific immune responses in GBM patients at first or second recurrence.
  • II. Assess the relationship between ability tumor induced TAA-specific immune responses and evidence of immunosuppression (peripheral blood immunophenotyping by flow cytometry) following autologous DC / allogeneic GBM culture lysate vaccination in GBM patients at first or second recurrence.
  • III. Assess the relationship between efficacy endpoints (survival, progression-free survival, tumor response) and tumor-associated antigen immune response following autologous DC / allogeneic GBM culture lysate vaccination IV.
Assess the relationship between efficacy endpoints (survival, progression-free survival, tumor response) and evidence of immunosuppression at baseline and over time with autologous DC / allogeneic GBM culture lysate vaccination. OUTLINE: Patients receive malignant glioma tumor lysate-pulsed autologous dendritic cell vaccine intradermally (ID) on days 1, 3, and 5 of courses 2 and 3, and on day 1 of subsequent courses. Treatment with malignant glioma tumor lysate-pulsed autologous dendritic cell vaccine repeats every 21 days for up to 13 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for up to 5 years.

Contact a Trial Team

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Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota




Mayo Clinic

Rochester, Minnesota, 55905

Site Contact

Clinical Trials Referral Office


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