Study Purpose

Somatostatin receptors are overexpressed in GEP-NETs and can be visualized in vivo by radiolabeled somatostatin-analogs. During the last decades, conventional scintigraphy using 111In-DTPA-Octreotide (often named somatostatin receptor scintigraphy or SRS) was considered as the gold standard nuclear imaging technique in the evaluation of GEP-NETs. However, SRS may be suboptimal in this clinical setting because of the low intrinsic resolution of the technique and its selectivity for SST2 only. Its overall sensitivity is estimated to 60-70% (per lesion analysis), even when using the most recent SPECT-CT cameras. MRI have also a higher sensitivity than CT and SRS for the detection of liver metastases from GEP-NETs. In recent years, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, a high resolution and sensitive technology, has gained an increasing role in oncology. It has also been evaluated in GEP-NETs with somatostatin agonists (SSTa) radiolabelled with Gallium-68 [68Ga], a positron emitter with very promising results. Its diagnostic sensitivity is clearly superior to SRS and many European centers have already replaced SRS by [68Ga]-PET-SSTa. Currently, three different [68Ga]-coupled peptides can be used in trials: DOTA-TOC, DOTA-TATE and DOTA-NOC with excellent affinities for SST2 (IC50: 2.5; 0.2 and 1.9 nM, respectively). Sensitivities of DOTA-TOC and DOTA-TATE PET/CT are quite similar. [68Ga]-DOTANOC which also binds to SST5 was recently found to detect significantly more lesions than the SST2-specific radiotracer [68Ga]-DOTATATE in patients with GEP-NETs but this requires further evaluation. It is therefore important to determine the interest of [68Ga]-DOTANOC combined with the standard diagnosis strategy in GEP-NETs and evaluate medicoeconomic impact of adding [68Ga]-DOTANOC in the work-up of patients. The investigators hypothesis is that [68Ga]-DOTANOC will modify the management in at least 20% of patients in a more adapted way according to the 2012 ENETS guidelines in comparison to the decision based on the standard imaging work up (multiphasic WB CT, liver MRI and SRS). 110 patients will be included prospectively in 5 different French experienced centers (Marseille, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Paris, Clermond-Ferrand).

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age> 18 years, with affiliation to the Social Security. 2. Written consent of the patient. 3. Patients with any of the following 5 situations:
  • - GEPs without metastasis.
  • - GEPs with unilateral liver metastases candidates to unilateral hepatectomy.
  • - GEPs with unknown primary tumor.
  • - GEPS with livers metastases candidates to liver transplantation.
  • - Metastatic GEPs with grade 1 or 2 tumour and negative SRS.
4. Reference imaging within the last 3 months : multiphasic total body CT scan, liver MRI and SRS (SPECT/CT).

Exclusion Criteria:

1. minor subject. 2. Pregnant or breast-feeding. 3. Absence of therapeutic alternatives in metastatic GEP. 4. Undifferentiated GEP and/or metastatic GEPs with grade 3 tumours.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2/Phase 3
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Urielle Desalbres
Principal Investigator Affiliation AP-HM
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Countries France

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

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International Sites

AP-HM, Marseille, France


Not yet recruiting



Marseille, ,

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