177Lutetium-octreotate Treatment Prediction Using Multimodality Imaging in Refractory NETs

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine if 68Gallium-octreotate and 18Fluorodesoxyglucose uptake, apparent diffusion coefficient and post 177Lu-octreotate SPECT/CT dosimetry are reliable predictors for lesion-by-lesion treatment outcome.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patient-based: 1. Age above or equal to 18 years. 2. Histology-proven advanced GEP-NETs. 3. Disease progression defined as follows (at least one of the following):
  • - Radiological disease progression (according to RECIST 1.1) on an MRI or CT over the last 12 months Or - Disease progression on a somatostatin receptor-imaging, PET/CT or SPECT/CT over the last 12 months [apparition of new lesion(s) or increase in the transaxial plane diameter of more than 30% on the same imaging modality] Or - Both of the following criteria (a+b): 1.
clinical progression:
  • - sustained (for more than 2 weeks) increase of NET-specific hormonal hypersecretion related symptom frequency by 50% or, - sustained (for more than 2 weeks) increase of severity by 1 grade (according to NCI-CTCAE version 4.03).
2. biochemical progression: by increase of NET-specific tumor markers (plasma Chromogranin A, plasma NSE, urine 5-HIAA or other) in two successive measurements. 4. Disease refractory to SSA's and/or standard systemic therapy available in Belgium at the time of inclusion criteria. 5. Long-acting SSAs should be discontinued at least 4 weeks before study treatment start date and, if needed, switched to short-acting analogues which should be stopped 48h before the treatment date. 6. Adequate renal function with GFR ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73m2 (evaluated by 51Cr-EDTA test). 7. Adequate bone marrow function with hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL; neutrophil ≥ 1.5·103/μL; platelet count ≥ 100·103/μL. 8. Adequate liver function with total bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN and transaminases ≤ 5 x ULN, serum albumin > 3 g/dL with normal prothrombin time (> 70%). 9. ECOG Performance Status ≤ 1. 10. Women of childbearing potential and men with partners of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly-effective form of contraception for the duration of study participation and up to six months after the end of the treatment. A pregnancy test (serum) must be performed within 4 weeks prior to inclusion for every female patient of childbearing potential and it must be negative. 11. Patient's written informed consent obtained prior to any study procedure. 12. All necessary baseline procedures should be performed within 4 weeks prior to first 177Lu-octreotate injection (D0). Lesion-based: 13. The patient must have at least one target lesion fulfilling all of the below criteria:
  • - On the 68Ga-octreotate PET/CT: tumor uptake higher than the physiological liver uptake (grade III or IV of the Rotterdam visual score) in a lesion with longest transaxial plane diameter ≥20mm (measured on the CT, part of the PET/CT); - At least one of these lesions morphologically measurable according to RECIST 1.1 and progressive on the MRI (or CT if MRI is not applicable); - Target lesion should not have been previously irradiated.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Resectable tumor with curative intent. 2. Any major surgery within the last 6 weeks prior to inclusion in the study 3. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, embolization, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-inhibitors, receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors, interferon, or other investigational therapy within the last 12 weeks prior to inclusion in the study. 4. Diffuse bone marrow infiltration on the baseline 68Ga-octreotate PET/CT confirmed by MRI. 5. Prior external beam radiotherapy on kidneys or on more than 25% of bone marrow. 6. Patients with known uncontrolled brain metastases. 7. Patients with a significant medical, neuro-psychiatric, or surgical condition, currently uncontrolled by treatment, which, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with completion of the study. 8. Pregnant or lactating patients. 9. Women of childbearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential refusing an adequate contraception.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 3
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Jules Bordet Institute
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Patrick Flamen, M.D., Ph.D.Amélie Deleporte, MDAlain Hendlisz, MDIoannis Karfis, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Jules Bordet InstituteJules Bordet InstituteJules Bordet InstituteJules Bordet Institute
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Belgium

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Additional Details

This is a feasibility study evaluating the use of 177Lutetium-octreotate in the treatment of advanced refractory Neuroendocrine Tumors. Objectives of the study: 1. Primary (on a lesion basis): To assess the value of the following parameters (obtained through functional and molecular imaging) for predicting the lesion-by-lesion PRRT treatment outcome:

  • - 18FDG uptake on 18FDG PET/CT - 68Ga-octreotate uptake on 68Ga-octreotate PET/CT - Apparent diffusion coefficient on diffusion weighted MRI (for these 3 parameters, absolute values at baseline) - Tumor dosimetry on post 177Lu-octreotate SPECT/CT after each cycle.
2. Secondary (on a patient basis): To generate a patient-based response model based on the previously defined parameters. 3. Exploratory (on a lesion basis): To assess the value of the parameters mentioned in the primary objective for predicting the lesion-by-lesion PRRT treatment outcome:
  • - absolute values of the three imaging parameters and their relative changes after each cycle; - serial tumor dosimetry on post-177Lu-octreotate SPECT/CT after each cycle.
Treatment will consist of 177Lu-octreotate injections in fixed activities of 7,4 GigaBecqurel each, given 11-13 weeks apart, injected intravenously with simultaneous infusion of an amino acid solution. (Before amino acid nephroprotection, ondansetron, methylprednisolone and metoclopramid, are given intravenously in order to prevent nausea or vomiting). Approximately 30 min after the beginning of the amino acid solution, 177Lu-octreotate is co-infused over 15-30 minutes. The amino acid infusion is continued at the same rate for 3-5 more hours (total infusion lasts 4-6 hours). In total, 4 cycles (= injections of 177Lu-octreotate) are planned. However, the total number of administered cycles will be limited by critical organ (kidneys and bone marrow) threshold toxicities. Treatment efficacy will be assessed:
  • - on a lesion-basis (change of longest transversal diameter).
  • - on a patient-basis using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.

Arms & Interventions


Other: 177Lu-octreotate therapy

Treatment will consist of 177Lu-octreotate injections in fixed activities of 7,4 GBq (200 mCi) (±5%) each, given 12 weeks (±1 week) apart, injected intravenously simultaneously with nephroprotective perfusion of an amino acid solution.


Drug: - Intravenous injection of 177Lu-octreotate

Treatment will consist of 177Lu-octreotate injections in fixed activities of 7,4 GBq (200 mCi) (±5%) each, given 12 weeks (±1 week) apart, injected intravenously simultaneously with nephroprotective perfusion of an amino acid solution.

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International Sites

Jules Bordet Institute, Brussels, Belgium




Jules Bordet Institute

Brussels, , B-1000

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